Back pain - a common symptom. Most people, at least once in his life faced with. It is one of the most common causes of visits to a doctor and pass work.
Keywords: back pain, back pain, spine
Back pain can occur at any age, but is most common between 35 and 55 years. The pain in the spine is associated with the how to work the bones, muscles, intervertebral discs, ligaments, tendons and nerves.
Back pain can be caused by problems with the vertebrae, the discs between them, strings around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the back, internal organs in the abdominal and pelvic areas. Also the cause of pain in the upper back can become a disease of the aorta, tumors in the chest and inflammation of the spine.
The presence of risk factors increases the likelihood of developing a condition. For example, obesity significantly raises the risk of developing type ii diabetes.
The following factors are associated with an increased risk of developing back pain:
The symptom is what the patient feels, while a symptom can be seen by the doctor. For example, pain is a symptom, then, as a rash - a sign.
The main symptom is pain in the spine is pain in any part of the back. Sometimes the pain extends to the buttocks and legs or in the shoulder and arm.
You should contact your doctor immediately if the pain in the spine accompany any of the following symptoms:
Seek the help of a specialist, if you belong to one of these groups:
The human spine is a complex structure consisting of muscles, ligaments, tendons, discs and bones. Intervertebral discs are located between each pair of vertebrae and function as shock absorbers friction. Problems with any of these ingredients can lead to pain in the spine. In some cases, the cause of the pain installation fails.
The most common causes of pain in the vertebral column are the following:
The following structural problems may cause pain in the spine:
Below are some other causes of pain in the spine:
Also the cause of pain in the spine can be certain movements or body positions, such as prolonged driving, cough, etc.
If you are experiencing pain in the spine in just a few days, then the following tips will help to reduce the pain and discomfort and to speed recovery:
Despite the fact that it's hard to stay optimistic when you're suffering from pain, try not to lose heart. This will speed up the process of recovery.
With long-term pain in the spine, that does not go away within six weeks, you should consult a doctor. The doctor drops the medical history, carry out an inspection and, if necessary, will lead to additional research. The doctor may prescribe x-rays, if you suspect that the problem is the system of bones or osteoarthrosis, CT (computed tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) in the case of intervertebral hernia, or any other problems related to soft tissues or nerves. In such a situation the MRI scan is the best choice. Also, your doctor may recommend to pass some of the laboratory tests or to measure the electrical activity of the nerves (EMG).
After diagnosis, the doctor prescribes treatment. For most cases it is sufficient to conservative treatment, which may include:
In severe cases, may put the question on the operation. The surgeon will help You to choose the appropriate method as well as to advise on the possible complications. After some period of time after surgery, it is recommended that the passage from the prophylactic therapy of the spine. Remember that surgery on the spine is quite dangerous, as the operating area is located in the immediate vicinity of nerves.