Women suffer from pain more often than men. Have pain is not only for gynecological diseases, but also for other reasons. Pain in this part of the body can be a sign of many dangerous pathological conditions that carry a risk to human life. Only the doctor is able to identify them and to determine how it can be cured the disease. To self-medication is extremely unwanted, extra, this just may be life-threatening.
First of all, every doctor asks the patient, which hurt the lower area of the belly and loins, for the power, the intensity of the pain, as well as other features. It is, in particular, he is interested in:
- However, what is the description of the pain (acute, aching).
- Changing either due to the body temperature, the person feels chills, no fever.
- Where exactly is the pain (in the middle, right at the bottom of the abdomen, below left, with the two sides, from the centre).
- Does not cause if you are: vomiting, bleeding, fever, difficulty urinating, frequent in this craving.
Patients the doctor to learn, you don't have the pain to do with monthly, a possible pregnancy.
By locating the origin of pain in the lower part of the abdomen, as well as the average, doctors receive the following:
- Produce endoscopy of the stomach, bowel, bladder.
- Conducted laboratory tests for the possible detection of the infection of herpes.
- Make a general analysis of blood. If the test shows an increase of white blood cells, increased ESR, evident is the presence of the inflammatory process.
- Take urine for analysis. When this promoted the number of white blood cells or red blood cells, then it is likely that the problems of the urinary tract.
- Carried out the ULTRASOUND organ located in the pelvic area. This is done to make sure that pain is not caused by diseases of the genitourinary system.
- Make a specific diagnosis for the detection of diseases, which may be stuck during sex.
- Carried out x-rays of the bones of the pelvis and of the individual parts of the spine.
What causes the pain in the lower part of the abdomen and in the middle
The pain can be caused different causes and disease. It's usually very strong when the body is located inside the body, torn, became cpmsr and in man's internal bleeding.
In chronic inflammation, pain, stupid, aching, pulling, and when intracavitary pressure usually have a pulsed character.
Here is the main disease, a symptom that can be a pain in the lower area of the abdomen and in the middle:
- Inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis). The pain is accompanied by vomiting, fever. Usually has a strong, very acute, but in some cases it is in a bad mood. Ill-timed treatment of appendicitis can cause the rupture and the development of mortally dangerous disease – sepsis of the abdomen.
- Infections in the excretory system urine, inflammation in the urinary bladder (urethritis, cystitis, etc.). In addition to the pain in the lower abdomen and in the back, for these diseases is also the presence of blood clots in the urine.
- Various infections of the intestine. Localization of pain is usually in the lower part of the abdomen, but may be in the back. Is the character design. Other typical symptoms of intestinal infections involving the mucous membranes and the integration of the faecal masses. The doctor will have to go immediately, because otherwise you could end up the most difficult complication – sepsis (eclampsia).
- Inflammation of the bowel. Localization of pain in the lower part of the abdomen. Also, reminds me of yourself in the back and the groin. If the inflammation is ignored, then it will soon appear ulcers rectum or duodenum.
- Colitis. Outside aching pain in the lumbar region in humans, there is an increase in the temperature along with abdominal distension ... In the beginning the pain is acute, but gradually becomes an idiot (when the disease becomes chronic form).
- Inguinal hernia. When an internal organ that comes out under the skin and pushing the muscles, loins hurt so unbearable, that the person may even lose consciousness. Among other frequent symptoms groin hernia, it is worth noting vomiting and nausea. Without surgery can not do, but because an ambulance will have to call immediately.
- Urolithiasis. The pain is periodic, nature of the fool, but it can also be acute (when the stone begins to move). Localization in different lower areas of the abdomen and the waist.
- Osteochondrosis. The destruction of the lumbar vertebrae leads to jamming of nerve roots, the occurrence of the reform of pain. The identification – on the back, but can give and at the bottom of the backrest and in the lower areas of the abdomen.
- Neoplasms. Pain in the abdomen, may also indicate cancer of the digestive and urinary tract.
In the not-so-frequent reasons of occurrence of intense pain in the lumbar spine and of the lower areas of the abdomen include:
- osteoarthritis of the intervertebral joints;
- arthritis (rheumatoid);
Also pain in the area of the trunk not to stroke.
The characteristics of pain in women
The appearance of pain in the lower areas of the abdomen and in the lumbar region in women cause genital disease, but they are not alone. When gynecological diseases the pain is located in the right or left lower abdomen, but sometimes it covers the whole abdominal area and the lower part of the back. It is a sign of such conditions and diseases, such as:
- Premenstrual syndrome. Accompanied by a dull pain in the lower part of the abdomen and in the middle. The cause of the syndrome – spastic contractions of the uterus. Those observed before and during the first days of the monthly. The syndrome is caused by chronic inflammatory processes.
- Menstrual cramps. During the period of the monthly woman's uterus begins to grow, to shrink, to the body it was easier to get rid of blood clots. Painful events in the lower part of the abdomen, as well as in the lumbar spine caused these intense contractions. By that women are less stable hormonal background, the more painful symptoms. If it is already spawned, then these painful symptoms speak for serious diseases.
- Bladder and other benign tumors.
- Apoplexy of the ovary. Happens after the sex, physical exercise, when it's a mature follicle, the egg is broken. Localization of pain in the lower regions of the abdomen, but it is noticeable and on the back. A description of the acute. Related symptoms are dizziness, nausea, general weakness.
- Inflammation of the fallopian tubes, the vagina or uterine body. The pain is strong, sharp. Wait for the treatment of inflammation can not.
- Bending of the uterus. It is called the pins, genetics. Detection of events – lower abdomen. Have the character design.
- Adnexitis – so-called inflammatory processes parts of the uterus. Starts the disease usually after childbirth, abortion. In the beginning the pain slack, locating them in the lower part of the abdomen. If the disease is not treated, will develop peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum of the pelvis). After that, the pain is δυσβάσταχτος, the locale has shifted in the groin area (right or left).
- Fibroids. It is a benign tumor, often localized in the lower region of the abdomen, and the lumbar region of the body. Usually accompanied by cramps pain crises.
- Ectopic pregnancy. After I see amniotic sac joins the fallopian tube, appear unpleasant pulling pain in the lower regions of the abdomen (right or left), which give the lower part of the back. Different power bleeding, loss of consciousness – often symptoms of this condition. The symptoms of pain is enhanced during movement and defecation. Eliminate ectopic pregnancy should be immediately – otherwise it will not avoid the rupture of the uterine tube.
- Endometriosis (inflammation in the region of the uterus and of the ovaries). Pain during the presence of this disease is particularly strong in a period of months.
- The gap of the ovaries. The pain in the lower area of the abdomen, when this disease is just unbearable, leading to loss of consciousness. In a patient with a similar medical condition requires immediate surgery, since there is a high risk of infection of the abdomen after a blow to the blood.
- Manual removal of the placenta before the end of the pregnancy. The placenta detaches from the walls of the uterus, even before the child was born. The disease is accompanied by strong pain sensations in the lower parts of the abdomen. The character's an idiot, fade, paroxysmal. Other symptoms of the disease is bleeding, and problems with the heart function of the fetus.
- The threat of elimination. The pain is most intense in the lower part of the abdomen, and here in the area in the middle is weaker.
- Premature birth. Accompanied cramps, as well as the pulling pain in the area of the lower part of the back or lower part of the abdomen.
The lower part of the abdomen and loins may pain immediately after the abortion. Here the pain – a sign that the abortion was successful, I see amniotic sac is removed only partially. The treatment is an urgent need, otherwise there is sepsis.
Hurt and after very rough sex, after the rupture of the walls or arch of the bay, erosion of the cervix, is damaged.
If after sexual intimacy, not only is there pain, but from the blood, then the woman definitely has an infection (usually chlamydia).
Polyps – another common reason for appearing pain in the lower regions of the abdomen after sexual intercourse. Often bleed. Polyps should definitely delete it, since sometimes reborn in malignant tumors.
The symptoms of pain along with bleeding after sex can be caused dysplasia (from the pathological changes in the cells of the cervix).
Also in women pain in these areas of the abdomen may have a psychogenic nature, caused by pressure, frustration, and depressive disorders. In this case, the woman needs help of a psychologist or psychiatrist and, perhaps, psihofarmakoterapia.
Because the lower part of the abdomen and loins hurts men
Men hurt a lot less than women. The main causes of this (as women) is a disease of the reproductive system. These include:
- Prostatitis. For him as it is painful and usually appear. Pain during urination or defecation – still a symptom of inflammation of the prostate.
How to get rid of this pain
The doctors are extremely is not recommended to self-medicate, to try on your own to remove them by using the painkillers. The first thing you should do is to go to the doctor, that will put the diagnosis, will prescribe the appropriate treatment. Medical assistance in these pains is necessary, if:
- Persist more than an hour.
- Happens to increase when the person moves or coughs.
- More than one day, not the defecation, but when this is observed flatulence.
- In the faeces is present in the blood clots or has a unnatural black color (a sign of internal bleeding).
Pain in the lower part of the abdomen and the waist have many causes, and how are caused by habitual muscle stretch during exercise, and so a terrible disease, such as sepsis, which occurs during the elongation of the internal organ. This diagnosis and without a doctor can not do. Only he can explain and help to get rid of the pain. Try to get rid of the pain very risky venture, which can end in tragedy. So, the main thing – not afraid to trust the doctors, because from this depends our health, and therefore quality of life.