The lower part of the back, left back: causes and types of pain

The appearance of pain in the lumbar region. The pain occurs almost every person, but more often occurs in the elderly. Often citizens are skeptical about the arising of the pain and not in a hurry to consult with a specialist. This solution is wrong: if the pain in the lower part of the back of the left hand, it indicates the development of severe disease, so do not delay with the treatment. Why is formed in the lower part of the back pain in left side and how to cure it – more below.

pain in the back

From what it seems?

Conventionally, the doctors of all the factors that influence the formation of the back pain in the lumbar region, divided into 5 main types.

The first group includes mechanical injuries and diseases of the motor system.

If the back pain in the lumbar region to the left, causing the following:

  • stretching the muscles and ligaments;
  • the appearance of compression fractures of the spinal column;
  • damage to the intervertebral joints and vertebrae trauma;
  • the appearance of irregularities in body posture, called kyphosis, scoliosis, osteochondrosis.

The second group of causes include various infections that can occur in both men and women. They are formed due to the development of:

  • endocarditis;
  • osteomyelitis of the spine;
  • tuberculous spondylitis;
  • purulent discitis;
  • epidural abscesses;
  • flu;
  • infections that affect the internal organs.

The third group of reasons refers to the formation of malignant tumors. Pain in the left side of the coat of arms is composed of:

  • the formation of metastases;
  • multiple myeloma;
  • lymphoma;
  • lipogranulomatosis;
  • tumors.

The fourth group of factors that influence the emergence of pain, it has to do with the emergence of various metabolic disorders. They are formed as a result of the development:

  • osteomalacia;
  • of hemochromatosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • alkaptonuria and other serious diseases associated with metabolic disorders.

Reasons for pain in the lower part of the left that belong to the fifth group, are conventionally divided into psychogenic and neurogenic. Is the pain occurring due to the development of deforming oddities, fibromyalgia, herpes zoster.

The doctors say that if pain in the back in the lumbar region, it indicates the development of the following diseases:

  • chronic pathologies in the urinary system, renal colic and kidney stones;
  • inflammation of the lungs on the left side and in the pleural region, the ovary in the female reproductive system;
  • chronic constipation, colitis and problems in the digestive system;
  • pathology in the pancreas;
  • erosion of peptic ulcers and gastritis;
  • severe diseases, localized in the musculoskeletal system.

In addition, as the cause of pain in the left lower back pain in women may be pregnancy. It is the result of the internal pressure that the growing uterus on the internal organs.


If there is pathology

Back pain back women often are the result of inflammation of the muscles, or if the spine is a serious disease. The doctors say that the pathology of the spine can be congenital and acquired.

Innate are formed as a result of the hernia in the intervertebral discs, due to the lack in the development of muscular and other abnormalities in the spine.

Acquired diseases of the male and female, are formed on the background of the development:

  • degenerative disk diseases;
  • scoliosis;
  • various infections;
  • the malignant tumors.

Left pain as a result of inflammation, often formed due to thinning of the intervertebral discs, pinching of the vessels and nerves. As a result, the person becomes inflamed the nerve roots, and pain, which are cutting in nature.

In the pathology of the pain are constant, aching, and paroxysmal. If a person has a pinched nerve, then it not only hurts on the left side of the waist, but he has to reduce his physical activity and his the deterioration of the general health.

In that case, if the person that affects the nerves in the lower lumbar, that he is concerned about the dull pain in the lower part of the back to the left, passing on the buttocks and lower limbs. If the person is not in time to see a specialist, the process affects the lower extremities and impairs their sensitivity. The unpleasant feelings become permanent. If the inflammatory process is under the influence of the sciatic nerve, it also suffers from the persistent pain and it appears serious complications, get rid of that can only surgically.

If the human body was long cold, develops inflammation of the muscles, called myositis. And, also, to lead to excessive physical activity and the sharp decline of the immune system. Pain in left side lower back become painful, and persistent and appear suddenly. They may get worse with deep breaths or torso. To get rid of them are used Menovazin for friction, and the rest.

Also nagging pain can develop on the background of the displacement of the vertebrae. Someone has to reduce his physical activity, he often numb and tingling in the lower limbs.

Lower back pain on the left accompanied with backache caused by lumbar hernia, rheumatism, prolapse of the intervertebral discs. You can shoot in the course of physical activity, with a strong effort, coughing or during deep breaths.

Shooting pain in the lower part of the left side in the course of the locomotor activity, indicating the development of inflammation of the nerves and the formation of the piriformis syndrome.

Thus, if a person has a pathology in the region of the vertebral column, and then displays the following symptoms:

  • It seems, sharp and nagging pain in the lower part of the back, in which he is not able to straighten his back.
  • Pain localized in the center of the waist and give the lower limbs.
  • When locomotor activity he experiences unpleasant sensations, often accompanied by a spasm in the kidneys.

The pain can be removed simply by rubbing the affected part with anti-inflammatory medications.

If there is a disease of the internal organs

Often if you have pain in the lower part of the left rear, is connected with the development of pathologies in the internal organs. Such bodies are:

  • the pancreas and the intestines;
  • the left kidney and the spleen;
  • left the ovaries in women.

And, also, sharp pain in the back left may indicate the development of stones in kidney. Although it is difficult to go to the toilet and it increases the temperature of the body.

When lesions of the left kidney with the people, is not a constant, dull, aching pain in the lower part of the back. And can hurt in the lower abdomen, upper quadrant.

If a woman is concerned about a dull pain in the lower part of the back, which gives the stomach, it indicates the development of uterine fibroids.

With the development of inflammation in the region of the ovaries of a woman concerned about the continuous pain which gives in the lower abdomen and lower back. The development of inflammation is often associated with occurrence of discharge, pain during intercourse, and menstrual disorders.

Often pain on the left side in the lower part arises from the fact that a person has abnormalities in the kidneys. At the same time he displays the following symptoms:

  • deterioration of the General condition: the person feels lethargic, he gets tired quickly, he has a weakness;
  • dramatically increased blood pressure, often suffer from pains in the head;
  • face and swollen feet, this is especially evident in the morning;
  • fever, increased sweating, increase in temperature of the body;
  • the complete lack of appetite, often nausea, which turns into severe vomiting;
  • frequent urination and pain when going to the toilet;
  • when lying down the pain will disappear.

Pain in the kidneys, which gives the lumbar region can be acute or chronic.

Acute back pain appears on the left for the following reasons:

  • As a result of acute stretching of the spine. When a person is tormented by the pain in both parts of the spine and he has to limit his physical activity.
  • When fracture of the lumbar spine. In humans, there is a sharp pain at the time of the injury, while walking a lot of pain in the lower part of the left side of the back. With the passage of time the pain of the person it becomes easier, but it can be increased when adopting the supine position.
  • The displacement of the intervertebral discs. When they have pain on the left side of the waist, he must take a comfortable position to ease the pain. On top of that, if he stay long in one place, he will be a serious final division of the spinal cord. As a result, he reduced sensitivity, reduced reflexes, and disrupted pelvic function.
  • The development of osteoarthritis of the intervertebral joints. When a man struggles faceted pain syndrome, manifesting with unilateral back pain, stiffness and reduction of reflexes.

Secondary reasons leading to the occurrence of the disease include:

  • a malignant tumor, localized in the spine and inflammation in the body of the vertebrae. It is formed by the development of TB, brucellosis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, spondylitis;
  • the appearance of a spinal stroke and osteomalacia;
  • severe diseases in the digestive system, in the pelvis and in the kidneys.

More details to answer the question about if it hurts the left lower back that can not to a specialist after diagnostic procedures.



Initially, the patient need to undergo several diagnostic procedures that will help to more accurately determine the cause of the pain. First, you have to examine the person with pain, is a therapist. Once they will learn the main symptoms, it will direct the man to a specialist:

  • The podiatrist.
  • Urologist.
  • Neurologist.
  • Surgeon.
  • Of vertebrologist.

Additional diagnostic procedures that will need to be patient is ultrasound diagnostics. With its help is determined by the condition of the organs inside of the body and the presence of a malignant tumor.

Also, people need to pass the General analysis of blood and urine. They help to reveal the development of his inflammatory processes.

If these diagnostic procedures do not work to make an accurate diagnosis, the patient is directed to MRI, x-ray, ECG.

Acute low back pain

When the back pain in the lumbar region, and the sensations are aching in nature, you need to go to the consultation of the doctor. After the discovery of the disease, the doctor can prescribe competent treatment. Sharp pain require special attention. When you appear for to provide first aid, which consists of the following operations:

  • to take antispasmodic;
  • to do the massage.

The massage consists of the following operations:

  • The patient is placed on his stomach and slip under the pillow.
  • In the lower part of the massage lightly, avoiding pressure. The movement is carried out from the lower part of the back, around the post of the spine and move to her neck. Then massaged by.
  • After the skin is well warmed and reddened, massage is done more intensively.

What to do if it hurts on the left lower part of the back?

In this case, the treatment is conservative methods: pills, injections.

However, with the constant appearance of pain symptoms and the transition of the disease into severe stage, the person is awarded the work.

If the pain associated with neurological disorders or injuries, the treatment is carried out with the following methods:

  • ointments are used for heating;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

When a person is concerned about the severe pain, you are getting the injections.

If it hurts, the left side in the lower part of the teenager, the specific medical procedures is not necessary. Parents should follow the body of the child and force him to engage in active sports. And they need to remember that all furniture should be selected in accordance with the age of the child. Watch carefully and the body weight of the child: you do not need to overfeed.


If the lower back began to hurt, suddenly, when the treatment should take a warm bath. This method is used in the formation of the pain is not related to the spread of inflammation or development of tumors.

If the pain on my left side lower back and this is the result of excessive pressure on the nerve, then you will need to put in the right person. It is necessary to do so, to take the pressure off of the spine. To do this, place a pillow under the legs and back.


To get rid of unpleasant feelings, each person is recommended to respect the following preventive procedures:

  • To engage in active sports. They can be used to strengthen the back muscles and release the lower leagues, ending with a spine.
  • To get rid of the existing pain and to eliminate its further spread need to go on a few massages. Remember that it must be done by an experienced technician and hold it after consulting your doctor.
  • People with reduced immunity, should be strengthened.
  • All citizens, especially women, need to avoid hypothermia.

To avoid pain, which often occurs in older people, you need to take the following preventive measures:

  • Does not work for long in one place in the country. If this is not possible, then to work, to take breaks and stretch the body and limbs.
  • Not to lift too heavy objects.
  • It is not a long time lying down or sitting.
  • To engage in the available activities. However, before that you should consult your doctor. Optimal sport for the elderly is walking with sticks. It helps to develop not only the feet, but also to include the hands.
  • A regular squat and to walk on the street.

Remember that if pain in the lower part of the back of the left hand, it is not normal. If such symptom occurs, any person should immediately go to the advice of an experienced physician.