Sudden attacks of acute back pain can be very painful, but that doesn't mean that you will always have "my back". Of course, often acute pain occurs due to any chronic problems, but just passed, and the condition of the mouse, ligaments and joints back has become less critical, you can make and response to chronic reasons. The basis of the treatment of the crises of acute pain in the back is the stepped programme of physical exercise in conjunction with a vacation. In this section, you will learn what you need to do when the crisis started, and when you need to call the doctor, to get acquainted with speed rehabilitation program that includes exercises, postures for relaxation and techniques for self-help.
Causes of acute pain
The most common cause of acute back pain are chronic, long-existing disorders, such as incorrect posture, or weakness of the muscles of the abdomen. These deviations may increase the load and the voltage of the vertebral column in place and the muscles of the spine to such an extent, what will happen in the damage. Degenerative processes such as osteoarthritis and osteoporosis, if the development reached the stage of tissue damage, can also cause acute pain in the back. In such cases, within a day and another may bring temporary relief, but it is very likely, that the crises of acute pain should be repeated until you have resolved them years reason.
Chronic causes of acute back pain
If an attack of acute pain is the result of the injury, caused by a chronic disease, the most likely causes can be the following.
- The incorrect posture of the body?
- The weakness of the muscles of the abdomen;
Mechanical causes of acute pain
Chronic conditions, in any case, is not always the main cause of acute back pain. Very often the attack can be caused by the traffic itself is negligible, for example, the inclination for lying on the floor of the bag. In fact, the damage is done for a day or two before, if any non-standard physical effort. When the muscles need to protect the spine from the unusual load, it is particularly tense, as well as to the ligaments, vertebrae and discs. The next day, muscles harden and sore or loosen to such an extent that is not in a position to maintain the spine while the ligaments and joints returned to the normal state. Is the net mechanical damage διακείμενους the whole system, and as a result the apparent пустяковым move can become the last drop, which will cause a spasm of the muscles, stretching the ligaments, a ruptured disc or inflammation of the joint. The wrong weight lifting and the voltage during abnormal load — typical causes of acute pain in the back.
Incorrect weight lifting
Wrong weight lifting, for example, when leaning forward to pick things up off the trunk of the cars, it creates an extra load on his back. When you raise the severity нагибаясь, hinges strained stronger, and this leads to the fact that some already weakened by joint, unit, or parcel can not cope with the excess load.
Excessively intense or unusual physical exertion
Intense physical exercise, particularly associated with the speed of the casing (game of tennis or dance lessons), it is often the cause of acute back pain. In some types of exercise motion is directed mainly to one side (tilted forward), and these involved only one muscle group. The muscles opposing team to become stretched, languishing and are not in a position fully to shrink and discard the casing back on. This means that the muscles and ligaments are strong enough or flexible enough to cope with the increased load on the curves of the trunk.
What should I do during the crisis of pain?
When you experience acute pain especially stop to do what you did, lie down on the bed or on the floor, even if to do this you need to crawl (the only exceptions to this rule are the cases, when you have all of a sudden numb leg or both legs, you will have an accident, dropped, or suddenly took a blow to see the questionnaire that follows). In the prone position is removed, the load with the spine, the pressure in it is four times smaller than in the upright position. Reduction of the pressure can relieve the pain and give the muscles, monitor the protective spazmom, the opportunity to relax. You can also help yourself from the pressure facing the relaxation of mind and body: try not to worry about the forced stillness, what you do, when the crisis started, to the finish and after.
What attitude to take
The best way to reduce pressure on the spine lie on your back. Try to lie down first without the pads, but if the pain is not gone, put it under his head. If necessary, put a pillow under the knees to the lumbar section is not very изгибался. If the pain goes down the legs, put a pillow under the lower part of the legs so that the hips and knees are at a right angle, this can help to relieve tension from the sciatic nerve.
In some cases, the position, lying on your back, it eases the pain. If you want to find the position painful, try the maneuvers, which are presented in the article quick treatment of pain, to find the position, in which the pain is not felt. Answers to questions that are offered in the list below will help you determine how serious your problem is, and to learn, what actions should be taken.
How serious is the problem?
With the help of is placed under a questionnaire you can learn what you need to do in your case, but if there is any doubt, consult your doctor.
If in your case, it matches at least one of the following assumptions, don't move, ask someone to call an ambulance.
- Once you have an accident.
- Recently dropped or very well.
- You have all of a sudden numb leg or both legs.
If in your case, it matches at least one of the following assumptions, contact your doctor right away. Call your family, or contact the medical centre.
- You have pain in the chest, left arm or the left side of the jaw.
- The pain does not subside, while it is enhanced, when this does not help and a change of position.
- You feel increasing weakness in the legs, accompanied with numbness and, perhaps, difficulty in urination and the emptying of the bowel.
- Intense is the pain, lingering, subsiding only when you tilt forward.
If in your case, it matches at least one of the following assumptions, consult your doctor within the next few days.
- You feel numbness or tingling in the arm or the leg.
- Lately have lost weight and feel malaise and fatigue.
- You are a woman and you already have the menopause.
- You are pregnant.
- Are you a vegetarian or a long period of time adhere to the diet.
- More than 60 years.
If in your case, it matches at least one of the following assumptions, stay the day in bed, and if there is no improvement, consult your doctor.
- Description of pain varies, if you can move or change the position of the body.
- Have you recently completed an unusual physical exercises that are associated with the large load.
- You are uncomfortable to become or to raise a heavy object.
The quick treatment of pain (first day)
If the position is offered in the previous article (What to do when an explosion of pain to your uncomfortable, try postures that are described below in order to find the position, in which the pain is not felt, and relax within 24 hours, but remember that the exercise, in a strictly limited volume required for the reduction of inflammation and the prevention of immobility. Because the cause of pain in different people different, you have to try each posture and each exercise and in this way to find the ones that help you better. If you change the position of the body during the exercise did you feel that the pain subsided, take a rest stop. And vice versa, I don't stay in any stance, if the pain when this is supported. Try motion in the bed, if you have the hard layer, in the opposite case, use the ivy-covered material or pad.
Stand for the treatment of pain
- Lie down on your stomach, stretching your arms at your sides.
- If the pain does not subside, put a pillow under the belly. If this does not help, turn slightly in the hip try it out and to the right and to the left, because the effectiveness of a motion is determined by the seat injury. Put your head in your hands, if you prefer.
If any exercise leads to the appearance or increase of pain or the greater dissemination, stop immediately. Continuing on, you can exacerbate the problem. During the first two days are offered from here, the exercise should be repeated three times for each about three times a day. Other than that, just relax. To reduce the pain gradually increase the number of iterations in the maximum - 10 times each exercise.
- Lie on your back and bend your knees at a right angle, the feet must remain on the floor.
- Bend the middle of tearing back from the floor, and then, with the power click on the floor. Watch out for armour remained stable until the thighs swing back and forth.
- Repeat the exercise three times, at the end of exercises, fillet you need to take a neutral position between extreme. In two days, start to gradually increase the number of repetitions of this exercise up to 10.
Rolling the knees
- Lie on your back and bend your knees, as in the previous exercise, but the hips need to be located on the floor.
- Let your knees from side to side, throwing them on the floor is as low as is comfortable. Repeat the exercise three times. In two days, start to gradually increase the number of repetitions to 10 times.
Treatment of pain (second day)
Once doctors believed that the best management of acute pain in the back is an absolute peace, but now it has been found that it is much more effective alternate holidays with exercises. If after 24 hours I felt improvements, call your doctor, but if the pain has reduced, add in has the article "Quick response" of pain, the exercises presented below. It will help to prevent stiffness in the muscles of the back and, therefore, reduce the likelihood of problems in the future, as well as to support muscle tone and strength.
- Lie down on your stomach, on a mat or hard mattress, climbing up to the elbows. Relax and stay in this position until accounts 10. Go, relax and repeat the exercise three times.
- Repeat the first exercise, but this time climb the palms, and not the elbows.
Pulling up the knees
Lie on your back on a hard surface. Bend your knees at a right angle and pull towards your chest. Hold them in this position until the account 10, then slowly lower your feet to the floor. Repeat three times.
Tilted to the side
Stand up straight, spread your feet at shoulder width apart. Slightly having a thigh on the side, with the same hand, slide the hand on my leg down, you will feel the tension with the other side of the housing. Repeat three times. Then, run this exercise on the other side.
- Its initial position, as in bending in the face, the hands on the thighs. A slight retreat in the back that connects the scapula and slightly lifting the board chin, but it is not so high, to see the ceiling. Repeat three times.
- Following the last iteration, before he completed the exercise in a neutral, upright position, slightly leaning forward, rounding their shoulders.
Stop immediately if any exercise leads to the appearance or increase of pain or the greater dissemination. Continuing on, you can exacerbate the problem. During the first two days are offered from here, the exercise should be repeated three times for each about three times a day. Other than that, just relax. To reduce the pain gradually number of repetitions up to a maximum of 10 times per each exercise.
The road to recovery
If the pain gradually subsides (if not, consult your doctor), after two days of rest and exercise, you can continue the normal way of life. To regain his mobility and flexibility, it is important to be as active as is possible, of course, you don't have to do anything that could hinder the final healing. But now it makes sense to relax the back for about an hour every day, to give the tissue time for healing and self-healing.
If the pain returns
If you're not careful and comply with the rules referred to in the table below, there remains the threat, making it difficult to move, it will break all the work, and this will lead to a recurrence of back pain. If this happens, immediately discontinue work and lie down on a hard surface, face down or on your back or take the attitude that this earlier is better contributed in the treatment of pain.
Lying on the side of the
This attitude is not so favourable to the spine, like the others, but this is that suits you only in that state. In this case, put a pillow between your knees to thigh, which is from above, not скатывалось forward, causing twisting of the lower section of the spine. It can also be useful, to put another pillow against the abdomen and chest, as a pillow, like hugging for support of the spine from the front. Do not place more than one pillow under your head, especially if you have pain in the neck or the upper part of the back.
What to do and what not to do, to get well
Two days later, you will need to get out of bed eventually and return to normal operation. However, don't forget the following:
What not to do
- Do not lift the gravity and it doesn't lean.
- Don't do the hard work of the house: not пылесосьте, don't leave, I don't гладьте.
- Do not make steep climbs and descents.
- They don't have the severity, for example, groceries, luggage, mountains, wet underwear.
- Don't start sports activities that are associated with the large load.
- Do not sit and do not stay long without a change of attitude.