The pain comes when you least expect it. In such cases, even the most self-confident person can be confused and scared. The cause of pain syndrome is often osteochondrosis. How is cervical osteochondrosis treated at home and how effective will the treatment be? Let’s find out more.
What is osteochondrosis
Official medical sources define osteochondrosis as a degenerative disease that affects the spinal cord and joints surrounding the intervertebral disc. The elasticity of the intervertebral joint is reduced - and the disc becomes thinner. It is essential to understand how nutrition and metabolic processes take place in the intervertebral discs. This structural element is produced by cartilage tissue, there are no blood vessels here. Power is diffuse, like a pump. When you move for compression, the lubricant is released and then absorbed again. If cervical osteochondrosis appears, a full range of exercise therapy, massage and therapeutic techniques should be prescribed as soon as possible.
What changes occur in the spine and their symptoms
The following processes take place in the affected joint:
- The core of the disc loses physiological moisture;
- Cartilage loses shape;
- Loses its elasticity;
- Changes color;
- Loses resistance to damage.
The result is a violation of movement synchronization in the adjacent segments of the spinal column, a violation of the nerve roots. The main symptoms of degenerative changes will be pain, limited mobility, some forms of paresthesia ("creeping", tingling).
All of these changes indicate the presence of osteochondrosis. How to treat cervical osteochondrosis or other, we will talk further.
Why does osteochondrosis occur?
Causes of disease onset include anything that disrupts disc strength:
- Swelling caused by static loading.
- Prolonging unfavorable positions, especially sitting. There is a good saying: "If you can endure - do not sit down, if you can lie down - do not stand. "
- Traumatic effects on end plates, fibers annulus fibrosus.
Common causes include unbalanced nutrition, physical inactivity, and insufficient development of the deep muscles that make up the muscular corset. The stability of the spine is due to the complex interaction of skeletal bone, muscles and nerve structures. The abdominal and spinal muscles are antagonists, balancing each other. Thus, the postulate "Movement is life" remains relevant as never before. Exercise can effectively treat degenerative disc disease of the cervix. Exercise therapy is used both in the clinic and at home. Since the spine is made up of several sections, the disease can occur in any of them. Cervical and lumbar regions are more common.
How is cervical osteochondrosis detected?
Manifestations of osteochondrosis of various localizations are combined into syndromes:
- Cervical syndrome (decreased mobility of the shoulder joint, pain of a different nature);
- Cervical pain (pain in the head, discomfort in the neck, may be tinnitus, dizziness, palpitation, nausea);
- Cervicobrachialgia or shoulder blade syndrome (neck pain flowing to the shoulder and arm).
If you suffer from excruciating pain, often at night, with numbness, it is likely to confirm the diagnosis - osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. The pain syndrome associated with disorders of this section is called thoracalgia.
Physiotherapy at home
How osteochondrosis of the cervix is treated with medication has been described in many reference books. But in most cases, the action of the drug is short-lived. Here exercise therapy can come to the rescue.
- We stand against the wall and rest behind it. We try to press the wall with maximum force for a few seconds. Then we rest.
- We sit at the table, we put our elbows. We put our chin on our hands, try to hold it with our palms, while trying to close our heads or turn to the side.
- Put your hands on the back of your head. Alternatively, then press them to your back, then relax. Perform several repetitions of 10 seconds.
- Hold yourself with your palms, alternately pressing one or the other hand.
During exacerbations, exercises are held for no more than 3-4 seconds and with moderate load. Classes will slow down osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. It is possible to start exercising at home once you are sure that they are properly performed in the health conditions.
Massage without the help of professionals
If the diagnosis of osteochondrosis of the cervix is confirmed, massage will be one of the essential methods of treatment. In this case, it is not only useful but also an irreplaceable procedure. At first, it is better to take a professional course, and then independently perform simple techniques at home. This technique involves the technique of relaxing the postural muscles. The peculiarity of the method lies in the passive stretching of the muscle from a state of excessive tension with massage elements. It is necessary to use the technique after warming up the spasmodic muscles (bath, hot compress, massage, blow).
When using self-massage, the same technique is used as in professional. It is a blow, a blow, a precise definition of impact, a blow, a shake. The massage is carried out with warm, warm hands. Use massage oil to improve gliding. The sequence of techniques is as follows:
- Vibration (shock, concussion).
Acts on cervical osteochondrosis, massage begins and ends with a blow.
A bit of manual therapy
- We sit on a chair with our backs high. We close ourselves with our hands, placing the index fingers on the cheeks (more precisely, on the bumps under the eye socket). We raise our eyes, breathe, and hold the back of our finger. We pause for a quarter of a minute, then exhale leaning on the back of a chair and relaxing the neck muscles, bending ourselves down. We repeat the technique several times. Then we wrap our fingers around the neck, closer to the top of it, slightly bending ourselves forward. We press our fingers against the base of the skull, making them move in a slow motion. Gradually lower your fingers lower and lower, approaching the trapezius muscle. How osteochondrosis of the cervix is treated with the help of manual therapy is shown in the following manipulations.
- We lean on our backs, pulling our shoulders down as much as possible. Place your hand on the painful side under the buttocks, palm up. Place the other hand under your head, hold your head back, and turn your head toward the opposite of the problem. Inhale, press your fingers together for 15 seconds. Relax while exhaling and pull your head slightly strongly, stretching the aching muscle.
A combination of measures in the treatment of osteochondrosis
Unfortunately, it is impossible to completely defeat cervical osteochondrosis. Treatment at home or in a medical facility should be comprehensive. This includes the use of:
- Pain medications;
- Muscle relaxants that help relieve muscle spasm;
- Chondroprotective drugs;
- Physiotherapy procedures;
- Exercise therapy;
- Balanced diet.
A study of the medical literature may draw some conclusions about how cervical osteochondrosis is treated, but professionally prescribed treatment is a crime directed against health.