One of the conditions that is accompanied by acute pain syndrome, called osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the symptoms and treatment of the disease, at least for the first aid for "lumbago" should be known to everyone.Diagnosis of lumbar spine osteochondrosis
The diagnosis of lumbar spine osteochondrosis is made in several stages. It begins with collecting the patient's existing complaints and further studying the disease history.
The next step is to examine the patient. Pain points are revealed by palpation on the surface of the spine.
Radiology is mandatory for humans. This technique is the main way to diagnose the disease. In the resulting image, the doctor can examine the typical signs of inflammation - narrowing of the cracks between the backs of the spine. In addition, X-rays reveal subchronic sclerosis, a condition in which the surface of an individual spine is compressed, as well as osteophytes (bone growths).
MRI examination is also mandatory. This is magnetic resonance imaging, which allows us to determine the pathological processes of the spinal cord with maximum accuracy.
Computed tomography can be an alternative to MRI, replacing the procedure if a person cannot physically spend about 40 minutes in a confined tomography space.
An additional blood test is given. It is necessary to rule out rheumatic pathology. The analysis is performed if the patient has a confirmed diagnosis of osteochondrosis with an increased ESR.
Each spine contains a fiber ring that helps the spine withstand the stresses placed on it. Pathological changes in intracartilage tissue lead to increased pressure on anal fibrosis. It becomes protruding, accompanied by damage to the nerve roots. The result of the change is severe pain syndrome. This is how osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine manifests itself, the symptoms and treatment of which we will discuss.
Signs of lumbar spine inflammation are:
Pathology in women may manifest as additional symptoms (they are caused by local circulatory disturbances due to increased blood pressure):
If the osteochondrosis muscles hurt and do not allow walking, then how can the pain be relieved and what is the cause of the pain?
This pathology is characterized by the development of unpleasant sensations in the lumbar region. At first, they are formed only after vigorous physical activity, but as the condition worsens they become uninterrupted and acquire a painful character. Sometimes a person has a "lumbago" - a sharp painful sensation.
Pain is relieved while walking and when the patient is in a horizontal position. But when a person sits, stands, or coughs / beats, the pain only gets worse. In this case, the pain may spread to the thigh muscles and significantly worsen the patient’s quality of life.
Symptomatic medications are generally recommended to alleviate the condition. They do not cure osteochondrosis, but only reduce the manifestations of pain.Agents of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug category may be prescribed to alleviate the condition.
Blockade is used for severe pain. But only a specialist can alleviate this type of pain. The doctor makes injections at specific points to help relieve the pain perfectly. Individual intolerance to the drug used is contraindicated.
One of the most unpleasant diseases of the spine is osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine, the symptoms and treatment of the disease involves the use of several groups of drugs. The funds are used in the complex.
Preparations from the category of muscle relaxants are designed to relax the muscle corset and relieve the resulting spasm. In addition, they normalize local blood circulation, partially relieving pain.
When choosing a medication you should take into account the existing contraindications. They are quite numerous.
The next group of products are medicines that improve blood circulation. Lack of oxygen by the internal organs as a result of narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels can lead to their hypoxia. To rule out the development of such pathology, the patient is prescribed special drugs.
Analgesics become mandatory medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to relieve swelling and pain. They have no therapeutic effect, but act exactly symptomatically, relieving existing pain.
The attending physician should prescribe the drug and select the dose. It is very frustrating to increase the dose of the drug arbitrarily, as this can have a very negative impact on general well-being.
Prescription drugs in the following categories are sedatives. The main symptom of osteochondrosis is severe pain, which negatively affects the mental state of the patient.
Do not exceed the permissible doses prescribed by a specialist.
Home treatment of lumbar spine osteochondrosis is primarily aimed at relieving pain. Doctors allow the use of painkillers.
It should be noted that you can start treatment only after consulting your doctor. Medication and dosage selection should be made by a specialist.
Treatment with folk remedies consists in the preparation of various types of rubles.
Now you know what is lumbar spine osteochondrosis, the symptoms and treatment of the condition. If you have typical pain of the disease, you should seek qualified medical help.