The main causes, symptoms and prevention of cervical osteochondrosis. Bonus: in preventive gymnastics.Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is a degenerative-dystrophic lesion of the intervertebral discs in the cervical spine. With age and in the absence of treatment and prevention, the disease progresses. Osteochondrosis is one of the most common diseases of the spine.
If you experience pain in this ward, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible, as progressive osteochondrosis causes serious deterioration in health, vision problems, persistent migraines, and may even provoke death.
Osteochondrosis is not necessarily an age-related change, it often affects young people.
If you have one or more symptoms, you should contact your doctor for treatment or prevention.
The causes of cervical osteochondrosis can be varied. Not only age-related changes can provoke illness. The disease also affects young people who prefer sedentary work.
Inactivity is the most common cause of osteochondrosis. Lack of moderate exercise leads to muscle weakness and poor circulation. Further tingling of the nerves and the appearance of an intervertebral hernia are possible.
If the load on the muscles is not symmetrical, this can lead to deformity. Such changes are caused by lifting weights with one hand, carrying a bag on one shoulder, and using a very soft pillow while sleeping.
Modern science knows three main stages in the development of cervical osteochondrosis. They differ from each other in the degree of spinal cord injury and the methods of treatment.
It begins with the rupture of the intervertebral disc capsule and the appearance of microcellules in the anus fibrosis. This type is characterized by degenerative transformations of the cervical joints and changes in tissue structures.Signs of first degree osteochondrosis:
is characterized by a reduction in the distance between the vertebral discs. This causes point pain with any load, making it difficult to bend or tilt.
is referred to as a chronic disorder of spinal muscular and muscular function. Significant changes in the structure of the spine are noticeable.
Lack of treatment at this stage can lead to stroke. Death is possible.Signs of third-degree osteochondrosis:
Third stage of osteochondrosis requires surgery.
There are three major types of osteochondrosis in women as well as men:
Women have more osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic regions than men. This phenomenon is caused by the fact that in men, by nature, the neck chest muscles are more strongly developed. Thus, these departments have the best support. Therefore, it is necessary, as far as possible, to strengthen the muscles of the back and neck with appropriate exercises.
Most commonly, cervical osteochondrosis occurs in women who lead a sedentary lifestyle or are engaged in a sedentary job (office work, salespeople, drivers), and osteochondrosis of the thoracic region is most common in women who have had colic since childhood.
To make a correct diagnosis you need to make an appointment with a doctor. Other diseases can also be hidden by the symptoms of cervical osteochondrosis.
Cervical osteochondrosis does not have the ability to pass by itself and can progress to a fatal outcome, in the last, third stage.
Starting treatment on time can help you avoid serious, irreversible consequences.
offers a list of specialist doctors to help you diagnose the problem.
The goal of drug therapy is to relieve inflammation and pain. Properly selected medications restore blood circulation and nourish healthy tissue.
In the acute stage, drug therapy stabilizes the patient's condition and prepares him for the next stage of treatment. Ointments, muscle relaxants, corticosteroids and vitamin complexes are used.
Physiotherapy involves a combination of natural and technical effects on the body. Effectively relieves pain and restores physical activity.
Manual therapy is effective if supervised by a good specialist.
Massage stimulates blood circulation and improves tissue nutrition. Manual therapy is convenient for home use (massage therapists and various applicators).
It is necessary to consult a specialist before using home manual therapy tools.
Reflexotherapy has an effect due to its effect on the body's biologically active points. It can be performed in the form of acupuncture, acupressure, sometimes moxibustion. If you choose this particular method of treatment, make sure you have a qualified specialist in front of you, as exposure to inappropriate biological points can lead to negative consequences.
Physiotherapy exercises (LFK) for osteochondrosis are prescribed in the ineffective recovery phase. The purpose of exercise therapy is to strengthen ligaments and muscles, exercise helps to restore blood flow.
Properly selected exercises will help you avoid recurrence and deepening of the injury.
Finally, here are some exercises from the Physiotherapy Exercise Complex.
See your doctor before exercise.
Exercise therapy complex exercises can be uncomfortable, so before doing so, try to relax as much as possible and make sure your breathing is calm and measured.
Muscle overload is not recommended during exercise. Do as much as you can, then, after resting, return to exercise.
To achieve the final healing effect you need to perform up to 300 movements on the spinal column and 100 repetitions for adjacent sections.
When cervical osteochondrosis is recommended, avoid sudden movements of the cervix. Exercises are performed in a standing position, straight on the back, legs shoulder width apart (repeated 15 times):
Side Lie Exercises: